Hannah Kinney (1761-1833) was one of the first six managers of The Newark Female Charitable Society, which was founded in 1803 to “devise some means for caring for the poor and distressed persons in the village.” Kinney kept notes of her visits and records of the supplies she purchased for the needy. It was her responsibility to decide who in her district needed help and whether they were “worthy” of the aid of the Society. She found families in the winter without wood for heating and without the barest essentials of life. Firewood and fabrics for clothing (such as drugget, a woolen fabric, and bird’seye, a cotton fabric) were the most common supplies she provided. The entries in Kinney’s record book give a very bleak picture of the living and health conditions for the poor at the beginning of the 19th century.